Grading: Declared Monument (Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station, Chimney Shaft and its Flue, Senior Staff Quarters, Staff Quarters, No. 2 Staff Quarters; Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir, Memorial Stone, Dam, Valve House & Four Masonry Bridge; Wong Nai Chung Reservoir, Weir, Dam & Valve House; Tai Tam Upper Reservoir, Masonry Aqueduct, Masonry Bridge, Tunnel Inlet and Recorder House, Valve House & Dam; Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir, Dam & Valve House; Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir, Dam & Valve House); Grade 2 Historic Building (Tai Tam Reservoir, Tunnel Outlet, Stone House & Former Wong Nai Chung Reservoir, Workmen’s Quarters); Grade 3 Historic Building (Red-Brick Building, Tai Tam Reservoir Road & Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir, Workmen’s Quarters)
The demand for fresh water continued to rise following the colonial establishment of Hong Kong. The storage of Pok Fu Lam Reservoir — the first built in Hong Kong — was insufficient to cater to the vast needs of water. In 1888, Tai Tam Reservoir was built in the eastern part of Hong Kong Island.
The works included the building of a water tunnel that runs through the Wong Nai Chung Gap valley and leads to the catchwater channels, conveying water to the Mid-Levels. The construction was tough given the technology at the time, as workers had to rely on simple tools to break the rocks. Comprising a water gathering ground — one that is bigger and technologically more advanced than that of Pok Fu Lam Reservoir — Tai Tam Reservoir uses pumps to lift and supply water to the residents.
Between 1904 and 1917, the government built three more reservoirs in the downstream of Tai Tam Reservoir, as an effort to enhance Hong Kong’s water supply and facilitate the urban expansion from the central and western district into the eastern part of the city.
The project is supported by Lord Wilson Heritage Trust.
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