長洲太平清醮 Cheung Chau Jiao Festival
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/ 長洲太平清醮

創立時期: 19世紀末

長洲太平清醮原是海陸豐籍居民舉辦的傳統地方宗教活動,於每年農曆四月舉行,為當地最大規模的傳統活動。打醮,是傳統民間活動,以道教的儀式,答謝神明庇護之恩,並祈求風調雨順、百業興旺和闔境平安。

在十九世紀末,長洲一場瘟疫當中,島民邀請海陸豐高僧在北帝廟前設壇拜懺,超渡水陸孤魂,奉北帝神像綏靖遊行街道。其後瘟疫消除,島民從此每年都會舉辦太平清醮,酬謝北帝神恩,祈求島上平安,百多年來從未間斷。一九六五年前,長洲太平清醮在東灣海濱舉行,往後至今在北帝廟前空地舉行。

每年農曆四月五日至八日舉行的太平清醮充分展現了長洲的民間傳統風俗特色,包括如傳統扎作、平安包、包山、燈籠、飄色、舞麒麟及神功戲等民俗工藝及表演藝術等。由於建醮的內容十分豐富,亦吸引了本地與海外的遊客,成為這傳統風俗承傳的一大動力。

 

/ Cheung Chau Jiao Festival

Since late 19th Centry

The Jiao Festival in Cheung Chau is originated from the annual religious rituals of the Hailufeng community on every April of the lunar calendar. It is now the largest local event in Cheung Chau. “Jiao” is a traditional folk religious ceremony to thank the gracious gods for protection. Residents also pray for good weather, thriving business and for peace.

Cheung Chau was devastated by a serious plague in the late 19th century. The islanders invited sacred priests from Hailufeng to set up a sacrificial altar in front of Pak Tai Temple, praying and expiating spirits from the land and from the sea. The plague ceased after some ritual performances. Since then, residents on Cheung Chau have been organizing the Jiao Festival annually to express thanks to the divine merciful gods for blessing and protecting them. The ceremony has been passed down through generations for more than 100 years and has never stopped. Until 1965, the festival was celebrated at Tung Wan (East beach). Since then, it has moved to its current location: the playground in front of Pak Tei Temple.

In a gloriously expressive carnival of folk arts, crafts and shows, the annual Jiao Festival is a cradle of colourful customs including traditional craftsmanship and performances such as paper deity statues, bun towers, Piu Sik (floating colour parade), lion and unicorn dances, and Taoist ritual performances. The wonderful day of celebration attracts both local and overseas visitors, providing a major driving force to pass

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on the island’s traditional customs and heritage.

 

長洲太平清醮裡的會景巡遊。

Piu Sik (floating colour parade) during the Jiao Festival

 

長洲太平清醮裡的祭神包山。

Bun Towers of the Jiao Festival

 

長洲太平清醮影像紀錄

Cheung Chau Jiao Festival Video Recording

 

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