The Ninth Station/ Lock Hospital and Government Civil Hospital
The current site of Sai Ying Pun Jockey Club Polyclinic was once the location of the Hong Kong Lock Hospital and Government Civil Hospital.
As a major trading port, Hong Kong attracted many merchant ships to dock at its harbours, which in turn gave rise to a vibrant prostitution industry offering sexual services to seamen. In response, the colonial government founded the Lock Hospital in Sai Ying Pun in order to provide medical care for seamen and local sex workers. As in similar colonial hospitals of the same name, Lock Hospital provided treatment for venereal diseases. At the same time, the government stipulated that sex workers should go for check-ups at regular intervals so as to mitigate the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
Government Civil Hospital was the first public hospital in Hong Kong. After it was first constructed in Central in 1848, the hospital relocated a few times before settling on Hollywood Road. Tragically, however, it was destroyed in a fire in 1878. The hospital then accepted the new site of Lock Hospitalto continue its operation. Because hospital fees were high and most Chinese did not believe in Western medicine, patients were mainly civil servants and police staff. When the University of Hong Kong was founded in 1911, the Government Civil Hospital became its teaching facility and research base, until the Queen Mary Hospital was erected in 1937 in Pok Fu Lam. The building complex was then reconstructed in stages, beginning with Tsan Yuk Hospital, which was completed in 1955; Sai Ying Pun Jockey Club Polyclinic, completed in 1960; and The Prince Philip Dental Clinic, completed most recently in 1980.
Address/ 134 Queen’s Road West, Sai Ying Pun
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