非遺情報 ICH Intel
非遺專車

客家話已列入…


.香港非物質文化遺產清單

類別


口頭傳統和表現形式,包括作為非物質文化遺產媒介的語言

情報簡介


清朝初年,清政府為了斷絕明朝遺臣鄭成功與沿海居民的聯繫,下令山東至廣東沿海居民須內遷三十至五十華里不等,至康熙八年(公元1669年)才讓居民重返原居地。不過遷回者不多,清政府只好以獎勵方式,吸引新移民遷入,鼓勵他們開墾早已荒廢的土地。當時不少廣東、江西、福建等地的居民利用這個機會,遷入現今香港地區,並被編爲客籍。他們在香港地區建立村落,落地生根,使用自己的方言溝通,亦即客家話。

時至今天,客家族群仍會以客家話進行傳統儀式,大坑舞火龍的開光儀式正是其中一個好例子。

非遺追蹤


地區:不分地區

時間:全年

 

Hakka Dialect was inscribed onto…


.The Intangible Cultural Heritage Inventory of Hong Kong

Domains


Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage

Intel brief


In the early period of Qing Dynasty, the Qing government wanted to disconnect Koxinga, the loyalist of the Ming Dynasty, from the coastal residents. All residents living at the coast from Shandong to Guangdong were ordered to migrate 30-50 Chinese miles inland. It was until the 8th year of the Kangxi Reign (1669) that the residents were allowed to return to their places of origin. However, not many were willing to go. The Qing government gave out incentives to attract new settlers to redevelop the abandoned lands. At that time, many people from Guangdong, Jiangxi, Fujian, etc. took the chance to migrate to nowadays Hong Kong. These Hakka (meaning newcomers) people founded villages in Hong Kong and settled down. They communicate in their own dialect, i.e. Hakka dialect.

Nowadays, the Hakka community still conduct major rituals in their own tongue. For instance, the consecration ritual in the Tai Hang Fire Dragon Dance was done in Hakka dialect.

ICH tracking


Region: No specific region.

Occasion: Year-round.

 

/ 非遺專車計劃主頁 Homepage of ICH Mobile Centre

/ 非遺情報主頁 Homepage of ICH Intel

 

/ 關於我們
長春社文化古蹟資源中心(CACHe)於2005年成立,一直積極舉辦古蹟保育活動。我們將繼續秉承宗旨,推廣香港歷史文化,建立知識交流平台,鼓勵大眾參與社區文化遺產保育,建立社區身份認同。

/ 關於非遺專車計劃
本計劃由康樂及文化事務署非物質文化遺產資助計劃資助,非物質文化遺產辦事處主辦,並由長春社文化古蹟資源中心籌劃,非遺專車——「移動.非遺」會駛進全港中小學校園及各個社區,把不同非物質文化遺產(非遺)項目帶到大家身旁。非遺專車內設有展覽及互動設施,同時配有一系列教育及公眾節目,以有趣和互動的方式提升學生與公眾對非遺的認識,並從中學習欣賞和珍惜文化遺產。

/ 查詢方法
電話:2291 0238
傳真:2291 0236
電郵:mobileich@cache.org.hk
網頁:www.cache.org.hk

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